Urethroplasty, Urethral Stenting
What is Urethroplasty?
Ureteroplasty is a surgical procedure that is performed to remove the ureteral strictures. The ureters are the tubes carrying urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Scar tissue formation may occur in the ureter following an accident, surgery or because of a condition such as endometriosis or cancer. The scar tissue narrows down the ureter. As a result, urine does not flow down the ureter and gets collected in the kidney causing pain. It may also lead to urinary tract and kidney infection.
Ureteroplasty may be performed through two approaches:
Laparoscopy: In this technique, several tiny incisions are made in the abdomen.
Open surgery: A single larger incision is made in the abdomen or in the side over the ribs. The surgeon can see the visceral organs and work directly through this incision.
However, laparoscopy is not suitable in all cases. Sometimes, surgery that begins with laparoscopy may change to open surgery for safety considerations. Your surgeon will decide the best option for your condition.
Urethral stent placement is a procedure to open a blockage or stricture (narrowing) in your urethra with a stent. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of your body. A stent is a small plastic or metal tube that is used to open your narrowed urethra. Blockages and strictures can make it hard for urine to flow out of your body. Pelvic (hip) injuries and repeat urinary tract infections may lead to urethral strictures and blockages. The urinary tract includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Cancer of the prostate, or an enlarged prostate can also lead to a blockage in your urethra. The prostate is the gland that lies at the bottom of the bladder in males. Urethral stents are also commonly needed for people with brain or spine injuries who have problems urinating.