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What is Kidney Cancer and its Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment?

What is Kidney Cancer and its Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment?

What is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer is a tumor that begins in the kidney of the body. It is also known as renal cancer when the healthy cell in the kidney start growing unnecessarily and form a lump, thus causing kidney cancer in the person. This cancer is the most common cancer in men & women but need not to worry as kidney cancer can be treated.

 What are the Types of Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer in human beings is of five types. Let us look at the following types of kidney cancer

  1. Sarcoma kidney Cancer

This type of kidney cancer is very rare. Sarcoma is a tumor that develops in the soft tissues of the kidneys of the body. This type of tumor generally develops in the backside of the kidney and is treated with surgery.

  1. Renal Cell Carcinoma Kidney Cancer

Renal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer. The tumor is formed in the proximate renal tubules of the kidney. This type of cancer can be treated in many ways.

  1. Wilms Tumor in Kidney

This is the most common cancer in children and is treated differently in adults and kids. Chemotherapy & Radiation therapy are used to treat Wilms tumor

  1. Urothelial Carcinoma Kidney cancer

Urothelial carcinoma kidney cancer is also known as transitional cell carcinoma. Almost 10% of adults are at risk of urothelial carcinoma kidney cancer. This tumor is formed in the kidney, where urine is collected. 

  1. Lymphoma Kidney Cancer

Lymphoma kidney cancer is associated with enlarged lymph nodes. This tumor enlarges both kidneys and can also affect the other organs of the body. 

What can be the Symptoms of Kidney Cancer?

Many people don’t have any experience at the early stage but as the tumor starts growing they can start experiencing the early signs of kidney cancer. Here are some of the symptoms of kidney cancer. 

  • You are having blood in the urine. This is also a symptom of kidney stone.
  • You suffer from pain in the lower back
  • You gain unnecessary weight
  • You have a less appetite
  • Fever and nausea are common to you

If you are experiencing any of the given symptoms then you must consult Dr. Sandeep Nunia, best urologist in Jaipur.

What are the Risk Factors for Kidney Cancer?

A risk factor is anything that increases your chances of getting kidney cancer. The following are some of the risk factors for kidney cancer

  1. According to a study men are at high risk of kidney cancer than females
  2. The risk of kidney cancer increase with the age as the older people are more tend to suffer from kidney cancer
  3. The smoking habit of a person can make him/her at risk of kidney cancer
  4. People with obesity issues are at high risk of kidney cancer
  5. Treatment of kidney failure can also increase the chances of getting kidney cancer
  6. The person with high blood pressure disease are at high risk of kidney cancer
  7. Overdose of some medication can also be a risk factor for kidney cancer
  8. Taking dialysis treatment for chronic kidney is also a risk factor for kidney cancer.

How to Prevent Kidney Cancer?

Here are some of the prevention tips that will help you to prevent kidney cancer.

  1. Eat Healthy Food

You should eat a healthy and balanced diet to stay fit and prevent kidney cancer. Eat a healthy diet that includes more fruits and green veggies. 

  1. Quit Smoking

As smoking increases the risk of the kidney cancer, you should quit smoking to prevent kidney cancer

  1. Maintain a Healthy Body Weight

Healthy body weight can prevent you not only from kidney cancer but also from many other chronic diseases

  1. Limit alcohol intake 

If you are more habitual of alcohol or consume it regularly then you should limit your alcohol intake to prevent kidney cancer

How Kidney Cancer is Diagnosed?

The following are the tests that are performed to diagnose the kidney cancer

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • X-ray
  • CT Scan (It is also used for Chronic UTI diagnosis)
  • MRI
  • Biopsy

Kidney Cancer Treatment?

Kidney cancer can be treated with surgical snd non-surgical methods. Let us look at some of the methods given below

  1. Surgical Methods of Kidney Cancer
  • Nephrectomy
  • Partial nephrectomy
  1. Non-surgical methods for kidney cancer
  • Cryoblation
  • Immun therapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Medication
  • Radiation therapy

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