A man's prostate gland usually starts to enlarge after he reaches 40 years of age. This condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This is considered a natural process of aging, and attempts to stop or reverse it so far have been unsuccessful.
The prostate gland serves a fertility function as it secretes the seminal fluid that helps to nourish and transport the sperm that comes from the testicles. The fluid is then stored in the seminal vesicles. The gland itself surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out through the tip of the penis. As the prostate grows larger, it may press on the urethra. This narrowing of the urethra can cause some men with prostate enlargement to have trouble with urination. Prostate enlargement may be the most common health problem in men older than 60 years of age.
Many men with an enlarged prostate have no symptoms or signs. If symptoms are present, they commonly include/p>
- a weak stream of urine;
- difficulty starting urination;
- dribbling of urine, especially after urinating;
- a sense of not fully emptying the bladder;
- leaking of urine;
- more frequent urination and a strong and sudden desire to urinate, especially at night; and
- blood in the urine.