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All You Need To Know About Symptoms and Causes of Kidney Stone

INTRODUCTION

A kidney stone is a solid piece of material which forms in the human kidney and then passes from the body. Kidney stones are one of the most common and painful diseases.

Kidney stones can be painful, and it may feel like something is stuck in your back, or you are constantly feeling the need to urinate. It is very important that you should know the symptoms of kidney stones. If the stone does not come out on its own or if the pain gets worse, you should go to a urologist. Kidney stone symptoms are most common in men and women between the ages of 20 and 50. The main symptoms of kidney stones are intense pain in the lower back or side, vomiting, fever, and blood in the urine.

Kidney stones form when urine becomes concentrated enough to crystallize into crystals.

Wondering how stones are made in our kidneys?

 If uric acid or calcium builds up and passes into a stone-forming substance, such as phosphate salts, it can gather on the inside surface of the kidney until it reaches a size that blocks passing urine.

The pain can be acute for some people and there is also a temporary loss of hunger associated with this condition too. Kidney stone treatments may vary depending on how different the symptoms are but usually include pain medication which could be managed by operation or injection if necessary.

The following section is about the signs or symptoms of kidney stones.

Signs or Symptoms of Kidney Stone

The symptoms of kidney stones include:-

  • Pain or discomfort in the back or side
  • Sudden pain in the abdomen or testicles.
  • Vomiting
  • Extreme Urge to urinate

It is also possible that some people will have no symptoms at all. The symptoms vary from person to person, as do the signs and treatment. Generally, some symptoms people experience include kidney pain while they pee or while they are not peeing, vomiting, pain or and blood in their urine. If a person experiences one or more of these signs and symptoms then they should see their doctor right away to make sure that it’s just a kidney stone and not something much worse like cancer which needs immediate treatment.

Kidney stones have several signs or symptoms that can be identified by a doctor, including:

  • Blood in urine
  • Sudden onset of pain, typically in the lower back or side
  • Fever and  vomiting
  • Blood in stools

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Causes or Root for Kidney Stone

Some of the causes of kidney stones include a poor diet, lack of water intake, Obesity, or obstruction along the urinary tract.

There are two major types: calcium-containing stones and uric acid-containing stones.

calcium-containing stones are a more common type of stone with an estimated amount between 84% to 95%.

There are many factors causing Kidney Stones like family history, excessive consumption of high-sodium food, dehydration, etc. However, there are other causes also like constipation which also usually occurs in men who have a large prostate gland.

The main cause of kidney stones is a high urinary concentration of minerals such as calcium and uric acid. The most common types of kidney stones are made from struvite which occurs when the urine is acidic.

Risk Factors to keep in mind

This section provides insight into the risk of developing kidney stones:

There are many risk factors to keep in mind when it comes to kidney stones, such as your age and lifestyle.

The most common risk factors for kidney stone formation are

  • high fluid intake (soda)
  • Dehydration ( lack of water )
  • not being physically active,
  • obesity
  • and family history of kidney stones.

These risk factors increase your chances of forming a stone.

Dr. Sandeep Nunia is one of the best urologists in Jaipur, Rajasthan, having experience of several years in urology, urogynaecology, renal transplant, and advanced laparoscopy. He is currently working in EHCC Eternal Hospital, VKIA, Jaipur, and Pacific Diagnostic center, Vaishali Nagar, Jaipur, as Head Urology Consultant.